Rare Doll Head mold
Mid-20th century vintage Copper cast Doll Head mold.
This is what they call a "production mold" and was created from a wax sculpture being placed into a chemical/plating bath where the wax melts away and the copper mold then remains with a hollow interior.
The molds are typically "retired"and destroyed after the production of 250-300 appendages.
This vintage dolls head mold was salvaged from New York where there were a few doll manufacturers. It still has the original steel mounting brackets.
Great surface patina, with facial features partially obscured by vinyl residue left behind from multiple castings.
During the 19th century dolls' heads were often made of porcelain and combined with a body of leather, cloth, wood, or composite materials, like papier-mâché or composition, a mix of pulp, sawdust, glue and similar materials.
With the advent of polymer and plastic materials in the 20th century, doll making largely shifted to these materials. the low cost, ease of manufacture and durability of plastic materials meant new types of dolls could be mass produced at a lower price.
The earliest materials were rubber and celluloid. from the mid-20th century soft vinyl became the dominant material, in particular for childrens dolls.